The latest research suggests that in the past, men’s health advocates may have been right.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has been warning about the potential health effects of male circumcision for decades.
A recent report published in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology found that more than half of men who had male circumcision between 1985 and 2010 were not fully sexually active, or had symptoms of sexual dysfunction.
Men who have been circumcised for a longer time also have higher rates of sexually transmitted infections.
A 2014 report in the British Medical Journal also found that men with a history of male-on-male sexual violence were at increased risk for HIV and sexually transmitted diseases.
The American Academy of Pediatrics also published a study in 2017 that found men who were circumcised for more than a decade were less likely to report symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, anxiety, and other disorders.
The researchers noted that while many studies had found no difference in sexual dysfunction among men circumcised for years or decades, they found that for some groups, men with circumcised male genitalia had an increased risk of HIV infection.
But those findings may not hold true for all men.
Some studies have also found men circumcised after a childhood trauma may have higher risk of depression, a finding that may not be entirely true.
Men with a lifetime history of circumcision are also more likely to be depressed, the researchers found.
So is the association between circumcision and mental health disorders.
And for a number of reasons, those findings aren’t as clear-cut as we might like them to be.
“I don’t think the data is as definitive as it could be,” Dr. Sommers said.
“It’s a lot of different things.”
One study looked at the effect of circumcision on depression in men who have experienced a lifetime of sexual abuse.
Those men were more likely than the men who didn’t have genital mutilation, but were not circumcised, to report feeling more negative emotions, such as depression, than men who hadn’t experienced any type of sexual violence.
And while those who had genital mutiliation reported higher levels of sexual and physical violence than those who didn